Fogg Dam is a spectacular wildlife sanctuary. The Adelaide River floodplain is listed in the Directory of Important Wetlands in Australia.
What makes Fogg Dam so interesting is its diverse habitats and wildlife all within easy walking distance. The monsoon and eucalypt forest, open scrubland, melaleuca woodland, floodplain and open water attract significant number of birds, reptiles, mammals and marsupials. It is said to have the greatest predator biomass known in the world. Sedges, grasses, pandanus and waterlilies can be seen seasonally in the floodplain. Lotus lilies and grass islands feature in the water.
Fogg Dam, together with nearby Harrison Dam, are the largest sites of permanent freshwater in the Adelaide River catchment area so they are important habitats for water birds, aquatic flora and fauna. Migratory birds also use the wetland. The Australian Bird Atlas lists 230 bird sightings in the Fogg Dam area. The Adelaide and Mary River floodplains are Important Bird Areas (IBA) of Australia.
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